- What does the color of a patient’s urine tell about how concentrated or dilute it is? How does urine color/concentration compare to the urine specific gravity at the same time?
- Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) regulates the formation of concentrated or dilute urine. When and under what circumstances does a body secrete its highest amount of ADH? Explain your answer.
- Proteinuria (protein in the urine) after intense exercise is physiologically normal. However, protein is typically not present in urine at other times. Why is that?
- How do the kidneys work to maintain normal pH of the blood? Explain the relationship between the kidneys, lungs, and blood pH homeostasis.
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