Module 4: Are there Fallacies in the Reasoning?88 unread replies.88 replies.
Name as many fallacies of reasoning that you can identify in the Death Penalty article? (i.e. Ad Hominem) Review the pptx on Fallacies.
A fallacy is a “trick” that is either a mistake in logic or an attempt to mislead through deceptive reasoning.
There are three major fallacies:
First, there are erroneous assumptions. Since assumptions are hidden or unstated, they often go be detected. Incorrect assumptions can lead a critical thinker to agree with faulty reasoning.
Second, there are distractions. Distractions are used to make irrelevant information seem relevant to the conclusion, which could lead a critical thinker to agree with faulty reasoning.
Finally, there is dependent reasoning. Dependent reasoning occurs when the support for the conclusion depends on the conclusion already being true. Failure to detect dependent reasoning can mislead critical thinkers.