76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits to not taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the bathroom.” She now has to sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.

The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result in the patient presenting these symptoms.

Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.

How these processes interact to affect the patient.

The purpose of this paper is to examine a case study and analyze the symptoms presented. You will identify cell, gene, and/or process elements that may be factors in the diagnosis, and you explain the implications to patient health. You must include references to support your assertions; Please use APA formatting.

Develop a 3- to 4-page case study analysis in which you:

The College of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references.

Please make sure to include primary sources that have been published in the past 5 years to support your assertions in the paper. Remember, websites like the Mayo Clinic are not primary sources. Please also make sure to review the rubric for the assignment and use it to guide your paper. Please make sure to use APA formatting.

Please also include at least 3 primary sources in your references for this paper.

course text: McCance, K. L. & Huether, S. E. (2019). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier.