TOPIC: Benchmark – Integrating Health Care and Public Health Systems

When considering public health and health care systems and the services they provide, it is important to think about how these systems and services are integrated. Systems thinking tools are helpful to consider the various links, feedback loops, and decision points within a system to identify opportunities for improvement and increase efficiency.

For this assignment, select a low- or middle-income country of interest and assess its health system. In a 1,250-1,500 word paper, address the following:

  1. Include an Introduction
  2. Describe the major components of the health system.
  3. Discuss core services the health system provides and who manages them(government, private sector, a mix of both, etc.).
  4. Discuss who is responsible for paying for those services or who funds the provided services.
  5. Apply a systems thinking tool, such as a causal diagram or process map, to identify opportunities for how gaps in public health services can be bridged through a strong health system.
  6. Conclude by considering how the convergence of communicable and noncommunicable diseases can be addressed more effectively through an integrated health system in the selected country.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.


Read “The Health Impacts of Globalisation: A Conceptual Framework,” by Huynen, Martens, and Hilderink, from Globalization and Health (2005). URL:https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.b7baa09b107485d92675f0d9840766e&site=eds-live&scope=site

Read “Participant Guidelines: Systems Tools for Complex Health Systems: A Guide to Creating a Causal Loop Diagrams,” by de Pinho (Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health) (2015), located on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. URL: http://www.who.int/alliance-hpsr/resources/publications/CLD_Course_Participant_Manual.pdf

Read “Guide: How to Process Map,” by the Agency for Clinical Innovation (2015). URL:https://www.aci.health.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/279088/Guide_on_How_to_Process_Map.pdf

Read “Building From Common Foundations: The World Health Organization and Faith-Based Organizations in Primary Healthcare,” by Bandy et al. (2008), located on the World Health Organization website. URL: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/43884/1/9789241596626_eng.pdf

Read “Globalization of Health Care: Designing, Developing, and Implementing a Just World Class Health System in a Frontier Market,” by Waruingi et al., from Journal of Global Health Care Systems (2013). URL:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259577174_Globalization_of_Health_Care_Designing_Developing_and_Implementing_a_Just_World_Class_Health_System_in_a_Frontier_Market

Read “The Global Health System: Actors, Norms, and Expectations in Transition,” by Szlezak et al., from PLOS Medicine (2010). URL:http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1000183&type=printable

Read “Assessing the Health Impact of Transnational Corporations: Its Importance and a Framework,” by Baum et al., from Globalization and
Health (2016).URL:https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12992-016-0164-x?site=globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com

Read “Framing International Trade and Chronic Disease,” by Labonte, Mohindra, and Lencucha, from Globalization and Health (2011). URL: https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1744-8603-7-21?site=globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com

Read “Declaration of Alma-Ata,” by the International Conference on Primary Health Care (1978), located on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. URL: http://www.who.int/publications/almaata_declaration_en.pdf

Read “A View of Health Care Around the World,” by Wallace, from Annals for Family Medicine (2013). URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3596027/pdf/0110084.pdf

Read “Health Care Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” by Mills, from New England Journal of Medicine (2014). URL: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra1110897

Read “The WHO Health Systems Framework,” located on the World Health Organization (WHO) website. URL: http://www.wpro.who.int/health_services/health_systems_framework/en/

Read “Five Capitalist Democracies and How They Do It,” by Frontline (2008), located on the PBS website. URL: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/sickaroundtheworld/countries/

Explore the Management Sciences For Health website. URL: https://www.msh.org/